EU Commission approves Greece’s EUR 2.3 bn renewable energy electricity scheme

EU Commission approves Greece’s EUR 2.3 bn renewable energy electricity scheme Greece Independence Day (source: flickr/ John D. Carnessiotis, creative commons)
Alexander Richter 25 Nov 2021

As part of a now approved renewable energy support scheme, Greece can now support geothermal power projects through direct awards with though some tendering procedures.

The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a EUR 2.27 billion Greek scheme for the production of electricity from renewable sources and high efficiency combined heat and power (CHP). The measure will help Greece reach its renewable energy targets, without unduly distorting competition, and will contribute to the new European objective of achieving climate neutrality by 2050.

Executive Vice-President Margrethe Vestager, in charge of competition policy, said: “This Greek scheme will provide important support to a wide range of technologies generating electricity from renewable energy sources, in line with EU rules. It will support the objectives of the Green Deal, contributing to substantial reductions in greenhouse emissions. The selection of the beneficiaries through a competitive bidding process for the main supported technologies will ensure the best value for taxpayers’ money and will minimise possible distortions of competition.”

The Greek scheme

Greece notified the Commission of its intention to introduce a new scheme to support electricity produced from various renewable energy sources, namely onshore wind, photovoltaic, wind and photovoltaic with storage, biogas, biomass, landfill gas, hydroelectric power, concentrated solar power and geothermal power plants. The scheme will also support high efficiency combined heat and power.

For both onshore wind and solar installations, the aid will be awarded through a joint competitive tendering procedure, organised by Greece to increase competition and reduce the cost of renewable energy for Greek consumers, both on the mainland and on the islands. If a minimum technology diversification is not attained out of the joint solar and onshore wind auctions, Greece reserves the possibility to launch separate auctions for onshore wind and solar to address the technology shortfall. Greece plans also to finance projects located outside Greece.

Support to the production of electricity from other renewable energy technologies will be directly awarded, subject to certain thresholds over which competitive tendering procedures will apply.

With respect to support for electricity production that will be subject to an auction, the aid will take the form of a two-way contract-for-difference premium. Under this model, where the electricity price is below a reference price established based on an auction, the State pays the renewable electricity producer the difference between the actual electricity price and the reference one. On the other hand, where the electricity price is above the reference price, the electricity producer pays the State the difference between the actual electricity price and the reference one. This guarantees renewable energy producers long-term price stability, helping them to make the necessary investments, while limiting the cost for the State.

With respect to aid for support to electricity production from technologies exempted from auctions, a similar mechanism will apply, except that the reference value will be aligned with the production costs of the technology in question.

The measure has a total maximum budget of approximately EUR 2.27 billion and aims to support around 4.2 GW of installed capacity. The scheme is open until 2025 and aid can be paid out for a maximum of 20 years.

The Commission assessed the scheme under EU State aid rules, in particular the 2014 Guidelines on State aid for environmental protection and energy and confirmed that the scheme is in line with EU State aid rules. It will facilitate the development of renewable electricity production from various technologies in Greece and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in line with the European Green Deal, and without unduly distorting competition in the Single Market.

The scheme builds on the previous Greek support scheme for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources and high efficiency cogeneration (SA.44666) and Greek auction scheme for renewable electricity (SA.48143).

Source: EU Commission